Einstein on the Beach
Einstein on the Beach on Nonesuch
Music of the Human Spirit
Music by Ginastera / Sculthopre / Winslow / Glass / Poulene / Harrison /
David Leisner, guitar
Azica Records ACD-71218
|1-4||Alberto Ginastera: Sonata Op. 47||12:15|
|5-8||Peter Sculthorpe: From Kakadu||10:!5|
|9-20||Ricard Winslow: Variations on a Tune of Stephen Foster||13:51|
|21||Philip Glass: Fourth Knee Play||13:09|
|22||Lou Harrison: Serenade||2:42|
|23||Francis Poulenc: Sarabande||1:48|
|24-30||Ned Rorem: Suite||11:07|
These are seven of my favorite guitar pieces from the last half of the 20th century. With the exception of Francis Poulenc, I have known all of these composers, to varying degrees, and each one has been an influence on my own work as a composer. So this recording bears a very personal stamp. This is also music which shuns the cerebral preferences of much 20th-century composition and balances heart, mind and spirit with more equal weight. It is music of the human spirit.
I met Philip Gloss on the subway. Despite his fame, he has always travelled by subway in New York, and continues to do so today. (Remember this is the man who was a plumber and a cabdriver, even after the American premiere of fins/em on the Beach at the Metropolitan Opera House)' I was wearing a T-shirt with an unusual photo of Charles Ives on it, and Phil motioned to me, asked where I got the shirt, and we chatted. In the early 1980's I attended a concert of the Philip Glass Ensemble at Town Hall in New York and reintroduced myself afterwards. On the program was the violin solo, the Fourth Knee Play, from Einstein, and it occurred to me then that it might sound terrific as an arrangement for file guitar. He was skeptical, but intrigued and decided to let me try. Phil has always been clever about keeping strict control over his music and in order to obtain this piece, I was told to go to his high-powered lawyer's office, where they removed a copy of the music, much to my amazement, from a vault! Once I worked on it, I saw that it would be a note-for-note transcription, with the exception of one repeated-note passage, in which I simply put every other note up an octave. Soon after, I played it for Phil in nis apartment, and he was very impressed and surprised that it worked as well as it did.
The "knee plays" from Einstein on the Beach are interludes, named after the human knee, whose function, of course, is to join. In this one, there ore three kinds of material, all of which are developed throughout the opera. The opening section centers around a striking harmonic progression. In his book, Musk bf Philip Glass, he writes: "What I was looking for was a way of combining harmonic progressions with the rythmic structure I had been developing, to produce a new overall structure." Then he goes on to describe this particular progression, which at first "appears to be a traditional cadential formula, the time-honored closing phrase which, in a variety of forms, became highly developed during the Baroque period and lasted well into the present. However, there is an altered or pivotal chord in the middle that results in a closing choro a half-step below what one would normally expect. It is this lowered resolution of the cadence that motivates its repetition." The chord pattern is f minor, Db major, Bbb major or A major, B major, E major. This section is followed by a slower, very lyrical passage, which eventually became material for his next operas, Satyagraha and Akhnaten, as well. After a brief return to the opening material follows an extended passage of scales, using his typical "additive process", which he describes as follows: "Additive process is one of those very simple ideas that con quickly lead to very complicated procedures. It can easily be explained: A musical grouping or measure of, say, five notes is repeated several times, then is followed by a measure of six notes (also repeated), then seven, then eight, and so on. A simple figure con expand and then contract in many different ways, maintaining the same general melodic configuration but, because of the addition (or subtraction) of one note, it takes on a very different rhythmic shape." In Glass' music, the phrase as structural element is replaced by a group of repeated phrases, which, as I think of it, is like taking music from the third into the fourtn dimension.
— David Leisner
NOTES ABOUT David Leisner
David Leisner is on extraordinarily versatile musician with a multifaceted career as electrifying performing artist, a distinguished composer, and a master teacher. Regarded as one of America's leading classical guitarists, his superb musicianship and provocative programming have been applauded by critics and audiences around the world.
Mr. Leisner's career as a guitarist began auspiciously with top prizes in both the 1975 Toronto and 1981 Geneva International Guitar Competitions. In the 1980s, a disabling hana injury, focal dystonia, cut off his blossoming performing career in mid-stream and forced him to stop playing for nearly a decade. Through a pioneering approach to technique based on his understanding of the physical aspects of playing the guitar, Leisner gradually rehabilitated himself. Now completely recovered, he has once again resumed an active performing career, earning accolades Wherever he plays.
His recent seasons were highlighted by an innovative three-concert series at Weill Recital Hall at Carnegie Hall in New York City, which included the first all-Bach guitar recital in New York's history. In addition, he made acclaimed debuts in Greece, the Philippines and Mexico, and performed on concert series throughout the US and Europe. He is also a regular at the Santa Fe, Vail Valley, Cape and Islands, Borgemusic and Angel Fire Chamber Music Festivals, performing with flutist Eugenia Zukerman, baritone Kurt Ollmann, violinist Ida Kavofian and many others. Celebrated for expanding the guitar repertoire, David Leisner has premiered works by many of today's most important composers, including Virgil Thomson, Ned Rorem, Philip Glass, Richard Rodney Bennett, Peter Sculthorpe and Osvoldo Golijov.
Mr. Leisner is himself a highly respected composer noted for the emotional and dramatic power of his music. His Dances in fa Madhouse, in both its original version for violin and guitar and as an arrangement for orchestra, has received hundreds of performances. Recent commissioners include the fairfield Orchestra (CT), Red Cedar Chamber Music (IA), and the Twentieth Century Unlimited Series (NM).
A distinguished teacher, David Leisner is currently on the faculties of the New England Conservatory and the Manhattan School of Music Primarily Aught ns both guitarist and composer, he briefly studied guitar with John Duarte, David Starobin and Angelo Gilordino and composition with Richciid Winslow, Virgil Thomson, Charles Turner and David Del Tiedici.
Producers: Gary Wright and James Bonney. Recording Engineer: Bruce Egre. Techincal Assitance: Jennifer Shope. Digital Editors: Bruce Egre and Bryan Simth. Art Directiuons: James Covert Cover Painting: "Lantern" 1977 by George Tooker. Reproduction permission kindly granted by Mr. Tooker. Leisner Photo: Nick Granito.Rorem Suie: Recorded in 1983, RCA Studio A — Elzabeth Ostrow, produced. Sal Salvatore, engineer.
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